Friday, April 21, 2017

Enforcement of the Noahide Law, how and when?

Also See: Israel is not a Secular State

We now know what the Noahide Laws (here) are, Jewish Laws that apply to all non-Jews of the world which forbid forms of worship not approved by Judaism, blasphemy of the Jewish god, sexual relations which are not approved of by the Jewish religion, and that non-Jews must set up courts to enforce these. We have learned that American Public Law 102-14 (here) states that these laws are the foundation of American civilization, that it is our responsibility to transmit them to the next generation, and our president will sign an international scroll along with other heads of state pledging to use education and charity to return the world to the Noahide Laws. We have also learned that Jewish legal groups who advocate for the Noahide Laws have been attempting to suggest USA capital punishment laws (here) that comply with the Talmudic form of execution, namely decapitation. Finally, we have learned that there are non-Jews who are willingly complying with this agenda, they call themselves "Noahides (here)", and they are working with the nascent Sanhedrin (here) in Israel to promote the Noahide Laws and the "conversion" of non-Jews to this system. 

But the question is now, how and when can these laws be enforced? They are not being enforced now, but why? Is it because the Noahides don't yet have enough influence, or is it because there is some injunction against applying the Noahide Laws today? The Sanhedrin that is reviving in Israel is not yet official, the Noahides are not yet gaining their instructions from any official legal body in Israel, so is any of this activity between Rabbis in Israel and Noahides in America and other countries really even binding under Jewish Law? There seems to be some debate between Jews about who can apply the Noahide Laws and when. The National Jewish Commission On Law And Public Affairs (COLPA) (here) is one of the organizations which has submitted briefs to the USA Supreme Court promoting the concept that non-Jews are to follow the Noahide Laws and set up courts to enforce these (here). They have a very interesting review posted on their website entitled "The Obligation of Jews to Seek Observance of Noachide Laws by Gentiles: A Theoretical Review (here)" by Rabbi Michael J. Broyde. The review features the opinion Rabbi Schneerson (here), the Rabbi who is honored in Public Law 102-14 and who has stated that non-Jews have satanic souls (here).

Can Noahide Law be enforced at any time?

From the brief we can gather that Rabbi Schneerson has a minority opinion on when and how the Noahide Laws can be enforced. Schneerson states that the obligation to follow the Noahide Laws applies to "all eras" and that if it is possible the Noahide Laws should be promoted by use of "force", but if not possible they should be promoted by "pleasantness and peace". It also seems to be Schneerson's opinion that it is obligatory upon Jews to influence non-Jews to keep the Noahide Laws, which would include setting up Noahide Courts to enforce these laws. The brief does state that most Rabbis do not agree with Schneerson, however, Schneerson is the Rabbi mentioned in Public Law 102-14. But there is one very interesting statement that Rabbi Schneerson makes, he says that the obligation "is not limited only to a Jewish court, since this commandment is unrelated to the presence of a ger toshav (resident alien), and thus what is the need of a beit din". Schneerson references Jewish legal scholar Maimonides, who also wrote that all non-Jews of the world are to follow Noahide Law, and if they do not comply they should be executed (here). What does Schneerson mean by this statement of "ger toshav" and what can it tell us about the application of Noahide Laws today?
The Obligation of Jews to Seek Observance of Noachide[1] Laws
by Gentiles: A Theoretical Review

by Rabbi Michael J. Broyde[*]
One modern responsa stands out as advocating an approach completely different from that generally accepted by Jewish law. The strongest case that a Jew is obligated to teach and persuade a Gentiles to keep the seven commandments is found in the writings of Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson of Lubavitch, in one of his classical responsa.[148] After quoting Maimonides, Malachim 8:10 discussed in part one, Rabbi Schneerson states:
It is obvious that this obligation [found in Maimonides, Malachim 8:10] is not limited only to a Jewish court, since this commandment is unrelated to the presence of a ger toshav (resident alien), and thus what is the need of a beit din. . . . Thus, this obligation is in place in all eras, even the present, when no gera toshav can be accepted and it is obligatory on all individuals who can work towards this goal. So too, this commandment is not limited to using force -- where, in a situation we cannot use force, we could be excused from our obligation -- since the essence of the obligation is to do all that is in our power to ensure that the seven Noachide commandments are kept; if such can be done through force, or through other means of pleasantness and peace, which means to explain [to Noachides] that they should accept the wishes of God who commanded them in this rules. This is obviously what is intended by Maimonides.
* * *
In Responsa Tashbetz (3:133) it states that even in a case where there is no prohibition of lifnei iver, such as two sides of the river, still it is prohibited to assist Noachides who wish to sin, since "we are obligated to separate them from sin." In reality, we have no source for the obligation to separate a Noachide from sin, if it is not derived from the remarks of Maimonides discussed above [Malachim 8:10] that we are obligated to coerce them into accepting commandments, and thus, of course, we may not assist them in violating them. 
Rabbi Schneerson concludes by stating:
From all of the above, it is clear that anyone who has in his ability to influence, in any way, a Noachide to keep the seven commandments, the obligation rests on him to do so, since that was commanded to Moses our teacher. Certainly, one who has connections with Noachides in areas of commerce and the like, it is proper for him to sustain the connection in order to convince and explain to that person, in a way that will reach that persons heart that God commanded Noachides to keep the seven commandments...[149]
In this author's review of the literature, the weight of halachic authority is contrary to this analysis, although it certainly is morally laudatory (all other things being equal) to convince Noachides to keep and observe the Noachide laws. 
Rabbi Schneerson again repeated that the Noahide Laws should be implemented by force, and if not through "kindness" 
We must do everything possible to ensure that the seven Noahide laws are observed. If this can be accomplished through force or through other kinder and more peaceful means through explaining to non-Jews that they should accept God’s wishes [we should do so]…Anyone who is able to influence a non-Jew in any way to keep the seven commandments is obligated to do so, since that is what God commanded Moses our teacher (“Sheva Mitzvot Shel Benai Noach,” Hapardes 59:9 7-11, 5745) 
- My Jewish Learning, "The Noahide Laws", Retrieved 10/12/19 from

Who is a Ger Toshav and when?

What is a Ger Toshav? Ger Toshav is simply a Noahide who lives inside the boundaries of Israel. The distinction is that Ger Toshav is a legal definition, Noahides need a form of permission to live and operate within Israel under religious law. Why is this important to the question at hand? There seems to be another debate between Schneerson's followers and the other Rabbis, and that is under what conditions a Ger Toshav can be accepted in Israel. The common position is that Ger Toshav's cannot be accepted unless there is a "Jubilee". A Jubilee is a sort of grand Sabbath which takes place every 49 or 50 years in Israel. On a Jubilee the ancient Israelites would free all of their Pagan slaves, perhaps the logic here is that within this time their Pagan slaves would have become Noahides, and thus once they were freed they would need to be given the title "Ger Toshav" in order to remain within the land of Israel. According to most Jewish scholars, a Jubilee can only be declared by a Great Sanhedrin, and because the current Sanhedrin in Israel (here) is not an official body, it cannot declare a Jubilee and so many believe there can be no Ger Toshav accepted at this time. However, Schneerson's followers at the "Ask Noah" campaign have published a book entitled Sefer Sheva Mitzvot Hashem which challenges the idea that Ger Toshav's can only be accepted in a Jubilee year, thus they are challenging the fact that there needs to be a Sanhedrin for a Noahide to become a Ger Toshav. This would follow Schneerson's logic that there is no need for a "Jewish Court". 
Definition of Ger Toshav 
Ger toshav (Hebrew: גר תושב‎ ger "foreigner" or "alien" + toshav "resident", lit. "resident alien") is a term in Judaism for a gentile (non-Jew) living in the Land of Israel who accepts upon him/herself (and observes) the Noahide Laws (the minimum set of imperatives which in Jewish tradition are said to be applicable to non-Jews, consisting of seven out of the 613 commandments in Judaism) and certain other religious and cultural traditions under Jewish law. A ger toshav is therefore commonly deemed a righteous gentile (Hebrew: חסיד אומות העולם‎ chassid umot ha-olam "Pious People of the World"). -

Common Opinon: Jubilees can only take place under a Sanhedrin, without a true Sanhedrin, no Jubilee and thus no Ger Toshav
The procedure has been discontinued since the cessation of the Year of Jubilee, and hence, there are no formal geirim toshvim (plural) extant today. However, it can be argued that a great deal are "informal" ones,[1] especially since it is possible to be a chasid umot ha'olam even when the Jubilee Year is not observed. - Rabbi Shlomo Yosef Zevin, ed. (1979). "Ger Toshav, Section 1". Encyclopedia Talmudit (in Hebrew) (Fourth Printing ed.). Jerusalem, Israel: Yad Harav Herzog (Emet).
Although the laws of shemittah are observed in Israel to this very day, the Jubilee year is not designated or observed. There are many reasons for this. Some of them: a) The Jubilee only affected the shemittah cycle when the shemittah was established and declared by the Sanhedrin, as opposed to today when it is automatically programmed into the perpetual Jewish calendar. b) The observance of shemittah today is only a rabbinic decree, and therefore the Jubilee year does not affect its cycle. c) No commemoration is in order when there is no Sanhedrin, whose participation in the declaration of the Jubilee year was integral. In fact, it was the Sanhedrin’s blast of the shofar (ram's horn) on Yom Kippur which signaled the entry of the Jubilee year. -
Schneerson disagrees, Ger Toshav can be accepted at any time, not just during a Jubilee  
עוד מבאר בלקוטי שיחות ע"פ הצפנת פענח שחסיד אומות העולם אינו דוקא גר תושב, ואפשר לב"נ להיות חסיד אומות העולם, אע"פ שאינו גר תושב. ולכן לא הזכיר הרמב"ם כאן ש'אין מקבלין גר תושב אלא בזמן שהיובל נוהג' כדרכו בכל מקום (הארה: ראה הל' ע"ז פ"י, הל' מילה פ"א, הל' שבת פ"כ, הל' איסורי ביאה פי"ד.) שהזכיר דין ג"ת, כי אין כוונת הרמב"ם שכופין ב"נ להיות ג"ת, אלא לבאר האפשרויות העמודות לב"נ על פי התורה. א) גרות גמורה מרצונו, ב) קיום שבע מצוות - ועל זה צוה ה' את משה לכופם, ג) גר תושב, ד) למול עצמו.‎ 
"It is further explained in Likkutei Sichot according to the Tzafnat Pane'ach that a chasid umot ha'olam [lit. Pious People of the World] is not necessarily a ger toshav, and it is possible for a Gentile [lit. Descendant of Noah] to be a chasid umot ha'olam despite him not being a ger toshav. And therefore the Rambam did not mention here that "We only accept a ger toshav while the Jubilee Year is observed" as usual in all the places (footnote: See Hilchot Avodah Zarah ch. 10, Hilchot Milah ch. 1, Hilchot Shabbat ch. 20, Hilchot Issurei Bi'ah ch. 14) that he mentions the law of the ger toshav, because the Rambam's intention was not that we force Gentiles [lit. Descendants of Noah] to be geirim toshvim, but rather to explain the options that stand for the Gentile [lit. Descendant of Noah] according to the Torah: 1) Complete conversion by his own free will, 2) upholding the seven mitzvot - and regarding this, G‑d commanded Moses to compel them, 3) ger toshav, 4) to circumcise himself."

Ger Toshav announced in Israel

In 2014, the Chief Rabbinate of Israel (here), which is an official legal body, along with the Israeli Lands Administration and Ministry of Religious Service, officially recognized a "ger toshav" in the land of Israel. The title is a little confusing because it seems that it was bestowed upon a foreign born Jew, however the title of ger toshav was granted to him to fulfill religious legal technicalities. It would seem that Jews in Israel must sell their agricultural lands to non-Jews every seven years in order to observe a yearly Sabbath. Since all Jews are supposed to take this year off from agricultural work, the land must be tended by a non-Jew at this time. However, there are difficulties in that most believe the land should not be sold to an "idolator" and the person must be "of the Jewish people". The only human that fits both of the criteria is a Noahide living within Israel, an officially recognized Ger Toshav. Please note that this legally binding title of Ger Toshav was granted by the Chief Rabbinate of Israel and not the Sanhedrin... "Chief Rabbinate" is a modern body and does not fit the description of an official Jewish legal body according to the Talmud. 

The Noahide evangelist organization "Noahide World Center" located in Israel pronounced "This can be seen as a symbolic act showing that the nation of Israel has a truly universal mission, to be officially and openly involved with humanity as a whole and not to be restricted to its own narrow interests." However, Rabbi Bloomestiel of Yeshiva Pirchei Shoshanim in Israel sent out a letter in opposition to this sentiment, he writes"This report states that the Chief Rabbinate recently awarded ger tosav status to a non-Jew in Israel. Unfortunately, this report is being circulated by dishonest persons as "proof' that ger toshav status may, and possibly must be given to Noahides today. I have spoken with the office of the Chief Rabbi and confirmed that the official position of the Chief Rabbinate is that there is no status of ger toshav in our times". The full letter can be viewed (here) and is available on the "Noahide Nations" website. However, what is meant here is that under religious law there is no Ger Toshav, but again Schneerson would debate this, however, obviously, the title and function of Ger Toshav was set down in law in Israel's so-called secular courts which are not secular but religious (here)

Why were both Noahides and Noahide Law advocating Jews so excited about the acceptance of this Ger Toshav in Israel? As referenced in the article "Top Ger and the “Ger Toshav” Nonsense" appearing on the Noahide blog "Academy of Shem", we learn that many Noahides believe that being a "Ger Toshav" would elevate them to a higher status and would make them closer to the Jews who are at the top of a supposed hierarchy: Jews, then Ger Toshav, then Noahides, then Goys. Rabbi Bloomestiel's letter refuting the idea that Ger Toshavs are being accepted in Israel at this time is directed at Noahides who believe "that ger toshav status may, and possibly must be given to Noahides today". The title of Ger Toshav was not given so as to bring a Noahide into Israel but it was granted to take care of a legal technicality, namely the necessary sale of land to a "non-Jew" during a Sabbath year; Rabbi Bloomestiel was likely correcting Noahides who believed they could get this official title and thus become superior to other Noahides. But there is something to think about here, the title was officially granted by the Chief Rabbinate, not the Sanhedrin, and there was no Jubilee. The Chief Rabbinate is also the office that gave its blessings to materials which suggested that non-Jews who do not follow the Noahide Laws should be killed (here). Can Israel find ways to enact the Noahide laws in any era, as Rabbi Schneerson has suggested? 

After 2500 years: the rabbinate granted the status of "resident ger"

Mndi Grozmn  | 21/9/2014 11:31 
A rabbinical court headed by Chief Rabbi David Lau granted the status to a Polish-born Jew, who was born in Ukraine, had land been sold in the framework of the Heter Mechirah. Streichman enjoyed special status because he was a foreigner who believed in the God of Israel 
Two hundred and five hundred years after the Israeli court granted the man the status of a "resident ger," the tradition was renewed: a court headed by Chief Rabbi David Lau, Rabbi Zion Boaron, and Rabbi Zion Algrabali this week granted the unique status to a native of Ukraine, A Jew who immigrated to Israel as part of the Law of Return and now lives in Ramat Gan. Behind the process is the approaching sabbatical year. 
Unlike the sale of chametz on Passover, the practice of selling land prior to the sabbatical year creates a clash with the prohibition of takhanim, which prevents the sale of land to a person who is not a member of the Jewish people. Accordingly, over the years, the purchaser was careful not to be an idolater, but this year the rabbinate decided to locate Ben Noah, a foreigner who fulfills the seven commandments and believes in the Gd of Israel. 
The ceremony took place on Wednesday at the Jerusalem Rabbinate, and was attended by Chief Rabbi David Lau, Deputy Minister for Religious Services Eli Ben Dahan, Rabbi Yaakov Ariel, Rabbi Avraham Yosef and Israel Lands Administration Director Bentzi Lieberman. The sale included both the fields of the farmers who chose the "sale permit" and the state land. Over the past few weeks, the parties have signed forms according to which they transfer their rights to the Chief Rabbis, who for their part transferred the rights to the ILA, and Lieberman sold them together with state lands to Streichman.  
After a tense period in relations between the Chief Rabbinate and the Ministry of Religious Services, it seems that for the Sabbatical year, joint efforts were made to pass the year peacefully. In the previous Sabbatical year, the state comptroller criticized the authorities for unnecessary procrastination in the procedures  
 By Deputy Minister Ben Dahan to please all those involved. Chief Rabbi David Lau also introduced amendments to the wording of the sale and improved its halakhic level. The sale itself lasted an indefinite period of time: each form was brought to the attention of the rabbis and then to Ben Dahan's review - and only after he obtained the approval of the Chief Rabbinate and the Ministry of Religious Services was it signed.    
Rabbi Uri Sharki, head of Brit Olam, the world center for Bnei Noach, also served as Shtreichman's spiritual mentor. After years of dealing with the issue of the sons of Noah, for him it was a dream come true. "What happened in the court this week is the beginning of a change for the better and the renewal of the treatment of humanity by the people of Israel," he said in a conversation with Makor Rishon.  
"I aspire to anchor the status of the 'sons of Noah' in the law, and in the present situation, a couple who are both defined as Noahites can not marry in Israel. I work to ensure that they are recognized by the state authorities and by the Chief Rabbinate and that they will be able to marry in a wedding ceremony that is suited to them. "Sharki views the Noahide issue as a basic point in Judaism:" This is a basic method of Judaism that seeks to correct the world in the kingdom of Gd, "We did not invent it.  
"In response to the claim that the efforts should be focused on the Jews and not on the sons of other peoples, Sharki says," On the contrary, I claim that the distancing of the Jews from their tradition stems also from the absence of a universal message in Judaism, in truth there is in it. " Makor Rishon operation acquaintance. Register for an attractive offer

Chief Rabbinate Recognizes a Ger Toshav
Posted by: Rabbi Oury Cherki September 23, 2014 
Rav Oury Cherki comments on the recognition of a “Ger Toshav” by the Chief Rabbinate: For the very first time in 2,500 years, a man was pronounced a “Ger Toshav” – a resident alien – by the Chief Rabbinate of Israel. A Ger Toshav is a non-Jew who lives among the people of Israel in its Land, accepts the Torah, loves Israel, and observes the seven mitzvot of Bnei Noach. For reasons connected to the Shemitta year, the Chief Rabbinate has taken an innovative step of accepting a Ben Noach who lives in Israel as a Ger Toshav. This can be seen as a symbolic act showing that the nation of Israel has a truly universal mission, to be officially and openly involved with humanity as a whole and not to be restricted to its own narrow interests. 
(NOTE: If you do not see English subtitles on the video, click on the “subtitles” or “caption” button below the video screen.)

Top Ger and the “Ger Toshav” Nonsense
In the past few years, however, the “ger toshav” has been resurrected by a baal teshuva named Rabbi David Katz. Rabbi Katz teaches that the “ger toshav” is an elevated status of the Noahide, a Noahide with “benefits.” Dazzling Noahides with his mastery of Hebrew sources, Rabbi Katz teaches that there are actually three categories of the non-Jew: the goy, the Noahide, and the “ger toshav,” or “resident alien.” Rabbi Katz teaches that the “ger toshav” is to be considered a “fourth house” of Israel (along with Kohen, Levi and Israel). Rabbi Katz teaches that a common run-of-the-mill Noahide can achieve the exalted status of “ger toshav” by jumping through a few rabbinic hoops, the most important of which is to declare him/herself before three rabbis. The main benefit is that a “ger toshav,” being a “fourth house” of Israel, would have greater access and comradery with the Jews... The idea that the “ger toshav” is one of the four houses of Israel runs into a few problems. If the “ger toshav” can be classified as one of the four “houses” of Bnai Yisrael, is it then halakhically permissible for a “ger toshav” to marry a Jew? Would any God-fearing observant rabbi allow a “ger toshav” to marry an observant Jew? The answer, of course, is NO (cf. Devarim 7:3). The Torah also states quite clearly that the (ger) toshav may not eat the lamb of the Pessach offering (Shmos 12:45.) Also, the verse 14:21 in Devarim states that Jews are commanded to give neveilos (animals that died without proper slaughtering) to a “ger toshav.” In fact, the Talmud (Bava Metzia 111b) describes a “ger toshav” as “one who may eat neveilos.” The Talmud goes on to explain why a “ger toshav” does not have the prohibitions of a day laborer as would a Jew. Clearly, the Talmud makes a distinction between a “ger toshav” and a ger tzaddik, or a full convert. Here we see that the teaching that the “ger toshav” is a “fourth house of Israel” is a tad deceiving.

Chief Rabbi - Non-Jews living in Israel must be Ger Toshav

In 2016, the current Chief Rabbi of Israel, Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef, stated before a crowd that non-Jews (Gentiles) are forbidden to live in Israel unless they are "Ger Toshav" and follow the Noahide Laws. He stated that non-Jews currently living in Israel who do not follow the Noahide Laws should be deported to Saudi Arabia. There are a few ways that the non-Jews living in Israel could become "Ger Toshav", perhaps the Chief Rabbinate could declare them Ger Toshav as it has done previously, or perhaps the current unofficial Sanhedrin in Israel could be made official. An official Sanhedrin would have implications to American politics, as according to the Talmud, a Sanhedrin would have jurisdiction both inside and outside of Israel (here). On a side note, Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef's father, Ovadia Yosef, who also served as a Chief Rabbi of Israel, gave a sermon in 2010 where he made the following statement:
“Goyim were born only to serve us. Without that, they have no place in the world; only to serve the People of Israel,” he said during a public discussion of what kind of work non-Jews are allowed to perform on Shabbat. "Why are gentiles needed? They will work, they will plow, they will reap. We will sit like an effendi and eat," he said to some laughter. 
Isreal National News
Chief Rabbi: Gentiles living in Israel must observe Noahide Laws

Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef says according to Jewish law, only gentiles who observe the Seven Noahide Laws can live in Israel.

Israel’s Chief Sephardic Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef told listeners during his weekly Torah class that according to halakha (Jewish religious law) gentiles are forbidden to live in Israel except under special circumstances. 
Rabbi Yosef argued that only a Ger Toashav, a gentile who take upon themselves the Seven Noahide Laws, can live in Israel. 
"If a goy (gentile) is not prepared to accept the Seven Noahide Laws – one of which is to not commit murder – he should be sent to Saudi Arabia.”

“If we were resolute and had all of the control, the gentile would not live in Israel. However, we are not resolute and we wait for the Messiah and complete redemption for this to happen. Who will be our helpers? They will be. This is why we keep the Ger Toashav in Israel,” said the Rishon LeZion.

Avishai Ben-Chaim, an Israeli journalist, told Channel 10, “We can see the duality in attitudes and discussion with Shas rabbis – on one hand, very harsh words against gentiles and against Arabs but on the other hand, protectiveness of the nation.”

Ben-Chaim further noted that although Rabbi Yosef said two weeks ago that it was that it was a mitzvah to kill terrorists, on the other hand he ruled that once a terrorist has been neutralized and disarmed, the terrorist shouldn’t be killed on the spot and rather must be imprisoned for life.

The Implications

Rabbi Schneerson is the Rabbi honored in Public Law 102-14, he also held a minority opinion that the Noahide Laws can be enacted by "force" at any time. To back up this claim, Schneerson references the fact that Jewish legal sources on Noahide Law say that these can be enforced even when there is no "Jewish court" or "Ger Toshav". According to most Jewish legal scholars, a "Ger Toshav" is a Noahide who lives in Israel, but this official title can only be granted by an official Sanhedrin, and there is only an unofficial Sanhedrin in Israel at this time. However, Schneerson's followers have put forth legal arguments that one does not even need a Sanhedrin to announce a Ger Toshav in Israel. 

It would seem that Schneerson's more radical interpretations are taking root in Israel, as the Chief Rabbinate, which is an official government body, but not the Sanhedrin, has granted the title of "Ger Toshav" to a resident in Israel in order to circumvent technical religious laws regarding the sale of agricultural land. Also, a current Chief Rabbi of Israel has stated that non-Jews living in Israel must become "Ger Toshav" in order to remain. Some proponents of Noahide Law will tell us that we need not worry about Noahide executions because there is no official Sanhedrin in Israel. But the Rabbi honored in Public Law 102-14, a law which states that the Noahide Laws are the foundation of American society, disagrees with this sentiment and believes there is no need for a Sanhedrin to apply the Noahide Laws by "force". If the Chief Rabbinate of Israel can take legal measures usually assigned to a Sanhedrin, such a granting the title of "Ger Toshav", why can't it follow Schneerson's directives and promote the Noahide Laws abroad? 

Further still, it would seem that it is at least possible that there is no need for any Jewish court or any Israeli agency to grant the authority to enforce Noahide Law, and Schneerson said Noahide Laws are in effect in all eras and there is no need for any Jewish court to administer them, either way Jews have Noahide in. We are in a situation now where there are willing Noahides living in America and elsewhere, these people have willingly accepted the mandates of the Noahide Laws of the Talmud, including the mandate to set up Noahide Courts to enforce these laws. They have traveled to Israel to pledge their allegiance to the unofficial Sanhedrin and have set up the "United Noahide Council" (here) to begin the process of training Noahide judges. If we take Rabbi Schneerson's ideas to their logical conclusion, that there is no need for a Jewish court to apply the Noahide Laws by force, what is to stop fanatical Noahides from pushing Noahide Law upon us once they have gained significant numbers and power? There may not be any definite law which says these Noahides must take directives from Jews at all... who are these Noahides that live among us and what are their real intentions? 

Also See: Israel is not a Secular State


  1. What is it with you and hating on noahides and non Jews? Isn't it bad enough you claim that non Jews have no place in the world to come?