The Talmud is very complicated, not every statement is a law, sometimes it is a commentary or the opinion of a certain Rabbi, sometimes a stipulation or refutation, however the quotes below should give you a good idea about Talmudic reasoning on certain issues.
Many believe that through the Jews the nations will be blessed, but according to the Talmud non-Jews are blessed not for our own sake but for the sake of Israel, any prosperity we have is for their sake and not ours. The Talmud also states that all nations are like "dough to Israel", not only implying they can be knead like dough for Israel but also explicitly stated that these are non-Jews of "illegitimacy of descent".
GENTILES BLESSED FOR THE SAKE OF ISRAEL, NOT THEMSELVES
“All the families of the earth, even the other families who live on the earth are blessed only for Israel’s sake. All the nations of the earth, even the ships that go from Gaul to Spain are blessed only for Israel’s sake.” – (Babylonian Talmud, Yebamoth 63a)
Mixed Genealogically Impure Non-Jews Are Like Dough To Israel
"All countries are [like] dough44 towards the Land of Israel" - (1961 Soncino Babylonian Talmud, Kethuboth 111)